101. The three components of hardiness identified in your textbook are a. confidence, challenge, and control. b. challenge, commitment, and control. c. commitment, conscience, and challenge. d. conscience, control, and confidence. e. conscientiousness, concern, and confidence. 102. Which of the following are the three terms used to describe the way in which hardy people differ from many other Type A people and others who suffer more ill effects due to stress? a. commitment, control, challenge b. commitment, control, competitiveness c. competitiveness, control, compassion d. compassion, challenge, commitment e. comparison, competence, and cooperation 103. Our ability to deal with stressful events in an adaptive fashion is a. an inherited way of coping. b. a biopsychosocial way of adapting. c. a form of illness prevention. d. a learned approach to stress. e. a pattern of ignoring unpleasantries. 104. Which of the following aspects of personality is associated with fewer physical symptoms of illness? a. rationalism b. constructive criticism c. optimism d. having a Type A personality e. having more anxiety and fear 105. When looking at a glass that is neither completely full nor completely empty, a(n) ________ might say that glass is half full, while a(n) ________ might say no, that glass is half empty! a. pessimist; optimist b. realist; pessimist c. optimist; realist d. optimist; pessimist e. pessimist; realist 106. Optimists tend to use alternative thinking to a. weather the challenges of life more effectively than pessimists. Correct. Seeing lifes difficulties as something to be overcome rather than something to b. make themselves feel better by comparing their performance to that of less competent others. c. find a scapegoat. d. improve their cognitive abilities. e. find other people to feel superior to. 107. An optimistic thinking style involves a belief that ones problems are a. general, external, and permanent. b. temporary, internal, and personal. c. specific, situational, and temporary. d. general, uncontrollable, and permanent. e. the result of the general adaptation syndrome. 108. ________ refers to the capacity to adapt and achieve well-being in spite of serious threats to development. a. Learned happiness b. Joviality c. Sociability d. Resilience e. Positivism 109. A person who uses the ________ strategy of stress management is reducing ________. a. coping; the symptoms of stress b. hardiness; their stress hormone levels c. learned helplessness; their awareness of stress situations d. defending; the symptoms of stress e. B and C are correct. 110. To cope with the stress over a looming exam, you must do all of the following EXCEPT a. realize that you feel unprepared for the exam. b. identify effective strategies to study for the test. c. implement the strategies in a timely manner. d. take the test. e. reschedule the test at a later time.
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